Quality of collaboration between different sectors was highlighted in Parallel Session 1C, chaired by Ms. Maria Anthonette Velasco-Allones of the Career Executive Service Board (CESB), Philippines. The session specifically looked into the role of small- and medium-based enterprises in the web of multi-stakeholder partnerships for governance, and citizens' perception of inter-municipal collaboration. The following experts discussed these in detail: Dr. Marlon Sihombing, Mr. Iskandar Muda, and Mr. Faisal Eriza, Faculty of Social and Political Science, University of Sumatera Utara, Indonesia; Professor Naomi Aoki, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore; Dr. Jose M. Obedencio, Jr., Central Mindanao University, Philippines; and Mr. Medardo B. Bombita, University of Rizal System, Philippines.
The faculty of the Social and Political Sciences, University of Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, led by Dr. Marlon Sihombing, discussed their research on the development Regional Innovation System (SIDA) in supporting strategic partnership among government, private sector and the public in North Sumatra’s Palm Oil industry. The faculty shared the prospects of enhancement of the innovation and capacity of the small and medium enterprise’s downstream palm-based sector through community-based empowerment strategy. The research team concluded that the approach of civil society organizations in terms of community empowerment is a good model for the government of Indonesia.
The study of Naomi Aoki of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore investigated the Japanese public’s attitudes towards inter-municipal collaboration in handling disaster debris. The results of her study suggests that the national and municipal governments should work together to seek more public support in hosting disaster debris in inter-municipal arrangements. Lastly, based on her research she suggested that the national and municipal governments of Japan should communicate more with the public about the risks, benefit, and costs associated with hosting disaster debris, and make efforts to improve the public trust in the national government.
One of the targets for the sustainable development goals is to end the epidemics of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) In Maramag, Bukidnon, there are around 2,000 cases of animal bites every year. The study of Mr. Obedencio highlighted that majority of the residents have low to poor level of knowledge and practices on rabies prevention and control. The study was vital in drafting local government policies and planning out necessary measures to improve the programs and strategies aimed at controlling and preventing rabies in Maramag, Bukidnon.
The study of Mr. Bombita focuses on the potential income generation arm of the University of Rizal System through a professional consultancy services and capacity building programs. The study found out that the firm will aid in the resource generation of the University and support the micro, small and medium enterprises that will significantly contribute to the economic activities in the province of Rizal.
Parallel Session 1B discussed approaches in human resource management that address emerging challenges in leadership, workforce competitiveness, and transportation regulation in Asia. The session, chaired by Professor Kyung-ho Cho, Dean, College of Sciences, Kukmin University, Korea, featured presentations by Mohd Afzanizam Mohd Badrin of the Razak School of Government, Malaysia; Dr. Vincent Wong of the Hong Kong Public Administration Association (HKPAA); and Prof. Yi Wang of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, PR China.
The study of Mohd Afzanizam Mohd Badrin of Razak School of Government mapped the prospects of the public leadership in Malaysian Civil Service in the context of the Malaysian government’s National Transformation Programme. The study took note of three contextual landscapes: digital, diversity and engagement. Prof. Afzanizam hopes to use the framework he developed in the study in providing directions for the future of public leadership in anticipation of future challenges.
By analyzing the the implementation of the Hong Kong Qualifications Framework (HKQF), a major policy initiative in 2008, Dr. Vincent Wong identified sustainable strategies on human resources management and human resources development. Dr. Wong detailed how HKQF is operationalized as a platform for lifelong learning to develop and maintain the competitiveness Hong Kong’s workforce. Based on his analysis of the HKQF, Dr. Wong has drawn eight strategies to promote HRM and HRD in HK.
Prof. Yi Wang tackled the problem of transportation in Shanghai as a megacity and the e-bicycle sharing system as alternative solution. However, the e-bicycle sharing system as a solution gave birth to new problems such as lack of bike parking, bike accidents and lack of regulation. Prof. Wang shared how the Shanghai government responded to these issues by putting up regulation and engaging the participation of stakeholders.
Chaired by Dr. Min Park, Dean of Administration at George Mason University, Korea, this Parallel Session tackled public sector innovations that help improve capacities of education and disaster management institutions. The presenters for this session are: Secretary Alice Yuen Chun Te, Hong Kong Public Administration Association, Hong Kong SAR; and Assistant Professor Ranjit Singh Rye, University of the Philippines Diliman, Philippines.
In her paper, "A Study of the Impacts and Implications of an Innovative Admission Scheme for Hong Kong Students in Universities in Mainland China," Ms. Alice Yuen Chun Te walked the audience through the outcomes of the new admission scheme introduced by the government of Hong Kong SAR for university students aiming to study in Mainland China. The scheme offers an alternative for all students – both top scorers and low graders, as well as both lower and upper social classes. However, the scheme has attracted only few students (4%), which calls for more in-depth qualitative studies on the students’ psyche.
Meanwhile, in his presentation titled, "E-resilience for DRM: Insights from the Philippines," Prof. Ranjit Rye pointed out where the Philippines is in terms of building the so-called "e-resilience," which is associated with the use of information and communications technology (ICT) as a tool in disaster risk management. The United Nations has adopted an expanded definition of disaster which goes beyond wars and natural calamities. This gave rise to the concept of disaster risk reduction and resilience. However, while there are laws being made and technologies being developed, such as e-resilience, actual Philippine disaster risk management is inclined to deal with the traditional view of disasters.
The Special Session, moderated by the Minister of Personnel Management of Korea, Dr. Pan Suk Kim, puts together ideas on how governance plays an important role in achieving SDG no. 16, which is to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
Prof. Demetrios Argyriades of the City University of New York first put together the concepts of fragility and sustainability. He discussed the existence of models and stereotypes, how these affect the views of the people, and how these, particularly the market model, are eroded by current changes such as wars and the rise of social media. He focused on the concept of welfare to warfare and how it causes fragility, which in turn invites dysfunction and decay of institutions. However, Argyriades argued that to have sustainability, it needs fragility. To address the issues caused by fragility, sustainable actions must be made, such revisiting institutions and structures for the long haul. He emphasized that to meet SDG 16, there is need for a Paradigm Shift. As such, he urged that it is important to rediscover the value of history in order to think about bringing in the right actions to build sustainable institutions.
Meanwhile, Professor Jose Antonio Puppim de Oliveira of Brazil discussed that it was only in recent years that countries are coming together to achieve common goals as evidenced by the creation of the Millennium Development Goals and the recent Sustainable Development Goals. However, the contradiction lies with the traditional concept of public administration, which is still constrained to think about organizations. While In the past, domestic PA is concerned mostly on the respective country’s self-interest, governments have gradually become more open to think about global interests. While there is a decline in poverty in Asian countries, emissions of greenhouse gas are increasing, which undermines the efficiency of the economy. Despite the need for transformations for these countries to progress, development is bounded by the limits of the planet.
According to Mr. de Oliveira, the following steps are needed for sustainable development transformation: decoupling of economy and ecological footprint; recognizing the ecological limits by shifting the discussions from what policies are needed to the political and institutional conditions that make the adoption of certain policies; and changing environment-economy-society relations through values. He cited the experiences of Tokyo and Bhutan as models whose political and institutional conditions have facilitated innovative initiatives.
Professor Daeyong Choi, in his presentation, “Governance Approach to the Implementation of the SDGs in the Korean Context,” described governance approaches and how they may or may not be applicable in attaining the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). He pointed out that all states bear the responsibility of ensuring that no one is left behind in the improvement of welfare outcomes. Nonetheless, he emphasized the need for collaboration and partnership across sectors and among stakeholders.
Prof. Choi also argued that while SDGs are a universal, integrative concept, the public sector needs to acknowledge and consider the politico-administrative contexts under which they operate. Governance principles play a big role in this aspect. Governance entails a holistic approach to solving development problems; collective and decentralized decision making; integration of policies and processes, and clear institutional arrangements that are realigned with the prevailing context. Citing the development of environmental policies in Korea, Prof. Choi proposed that perhaps there is a need to reconsider hierarchical governance in Korea. He also presented the takeaway question of finding the right mix of governance styles to speed up the attainment of SDGs in Korea.
In the last presentation, the context of Dr. Ting Guan’s study is the failure of China to achieve the Millennium Development Goals in the aspect of environmental protection. She noted that in 1997 China was not disclosing its data on pollution and air and water quality. Twenty years after, many local governments have enacted policies that require the disclosure of information on air and water quality. The enactment of the Environmental Information Disclosure (EID) policy is key in the improvement of access to information as regards air and water quality in China. Dr. Guan used the adoption of policy innovation as framework to analyze the development and implementation of the EID. She then compared the government and NGO/society perspective on the process and evolution undergone by the state and the society (as represented by non-government organizations) to be able to enact policy innovations.
On the part of the government, it enacted the EID policy in 2008. On the side of the NGOs, it conducted annual assessment of local bureaus’ implementation of the EID policy. While targets have yet to be met, China has made significant progress in promoting and implementing EID.
In conclusion, Dr. Guan summed up the lessons from the EID experience of China into three points: (1) effective implementation of legal principles into reality requires efforts from both state and non-state actors; (2) the mode of state-society partnership is context-specific and dynamic; and (3) information and communication technology (ICT) may favor new modes of policy implementation, public mobilization and participation.
The Asian Leadership Forum (ALF) segment of the annual conference is the brainchild of Prof. Akira Nakamura. During the session, he announced that it was the time that he would act as moderator of the Forum and he had proposed some changes on how the session will be conducted in future conferences. For his last Asian Leadership Forum, Prof. Nakamura summed up the common thread that binds the four speakers into three concepts: government reform, IT development, and innovations. The ALF featured the following speakers: Deputy Minister for Government Innovation and Organization Iljae Kim (Korea), Chairman of the Steering Committee of the Regional Hub of the Civil Service Alikhan Baimenov (Kazakhstan), Ministry of Civil Service Secretary of State Youk Bunna (Cambodia), and Professor Emeritus Akihide Hirashima (Japan).
Dr. Iljae Kim of the Ministry of Interior and Safety shared Korea’s story of developing e-government over the years. According to him, innovations did not only improved the government, but also had goals to improve the quality of life of the citizens and envisioned an enhanced competitiveness for businesses. Through relevant legislation and establishment of the necessary infrastructure, e-Government in Korea underwent many rapid changes from 1967. Being a world-renowned e-government hub, Korea created a number of systems that aim to make governments service-oriented, capable and transparent. Dr. Kim cited examples of systems providing information and helping perform transactions with the citizens, where there is no need for on-site visits – from information dissemination, financial transactions, public welfare and safety, among others.
Given these developments, Korea can still improve through some means, as suggested by Dr. Kim. Among these are the establishment of the e-government roadmap, system reforms for new work processes, investment on e-gov infrastructure, reduction of more manual work processes, and mitigation of adverse effects such as cyber threats and to bridge the digital divide.
Chairman Alikhan Baimenov started his presentation by stressing that public governance is very crucial in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. He added that technological innovation brought challenges and opportunities in the global order and government systems. Because of these experiences civil service reforms are now being addressed as part of government agenda.
In his speech, he noted several key directions of administrative reforms. He also shared exemplary cases of civil service reforms in South Asia. These are Kazakhstan’s Senior Executive Service managerial continuity; Georgia’s anti-corruption reform through assets declaration and whistleblower protection for public employees; and Kyrgyzstan’s key performance indicators-based performance appraisal system as a tool for monitoring civil servants’ activities.
Moreover, he also cited innovations in public service delivery by sharing the experiences of Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan. In addition he also shared his ideas on what factors should be considered for the continuous engagement in civil service reforms. Chairman Baimenov also took the opportunity to introduce their organizational work, member countries and institutional partners. He also encouraged EROPA to join them in their undertakings. Lastly, he ended his presentation by stating that the Sustainable Development Goals is perceived as the hope in the world that governments should always put the interest of the people above all of its initiatives.
Secretary of State Youk Bunna focused his speech on the financial type of administrative reform they experienced in Cambodia. He shared that before the reform, Cambodia encountered a number of financial challenges in terms of salary adequacy, lack of control on payments for contractuals, lack of institutions to coordinate salary issues, and lack of implementation in terms of salary taxation. With this, they implemented a comprehensive administrative reform program, which includes compensation reform. To address the issues, they created committees and coordinated with relevant public institutions, together with regular reporting and monitoring systems. Benchmarking was also done to guide their actions. They included their strategies as well in the budget framework, together with the application of IT. As a result, hundreds of thousands of civil servants were able to reap the rewards of better salary and compensation – getting their salaries on time, reduction of gaps between minimum and maximum salaries and provision of pension to the retired civil servants. This is also due to the transformation made through better tax collection through an IT system, and as Mr. Bunna said, the creation of the culture of tax payment. Lastly, he said that it is also important to mobilize people to go along the reform, especially those who are resistant to change.
Prof. Akihide Hirashima of Rikkyo University, a high ranking official of Yamanashi Prefecture, shared an insider perspective of how the prefecture’s Ventforet Kofu Football Club remarkably recovered from a bankruptcy crisis.
At the height of the crisis in 2000, VFK incurred a total loss of about Y450 million (USD4.09 million), with the team landing at the bottom of the J2 League. To avert bankruptcy, the Yamanashi government announced the crisis the football club was facing, which prompted supporters to launch a petition through online forums, gathering around 300,000 signatures and Y10 million-worth of donations. Because of the petition, a memorandum was reached among the stakeholders of the football club. A new manage team was also created which enacted reforms to improve the football club’s financial standing within the year. As a result, the VFK met all its target, even doubling its revenue and increasing attendance during games.
More than a decade after the crisis, Ventforet was able to break into the J1 League, the highest tier in Japan’s football league.
How do we transform public sector institutions, empower key actors in governance, and strengthen networks for the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)? These were at the heart of the discussions that ensued during the first Plenary Session of the 2017 EROPA Conference. The session, sponsored by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the UN Project Office on Governance. Ms. Alicia dela Rosa-Bala, Chair of the Philippine Civil Service Commission, served as the Moderator for this session. Joining her as speakers are: Mr. Edwin Lau, Head of Public Governance Directorate, OECD; Professor Paul Collins, Visiting Professor of Public Policy, Fudan University, UK; and Mr. Chae Gun Chung, Head of UNPOG.
Mr. Edwin Lau’s presentation, “Public Sector Innovation for Sustainable Development and Citizen-Centric Government,” first interrogated on the kind of outcome indicators through which countries attain SDGs, which governments can use to identify new approaches and focus on implementation of SDG-related programs. Despite the resounding call for innovation, however, barriers continue to constrain innovation, such as rigidities in bureaucracy, lack of incentives, and overemphasis on rules and structures. He suggested the need for reforms and networking/sharing of insights along these areas to allow the transfer and adaptation of best practices, particularly in terms of openness as a key ingredient in reforms. He also highlighted the role of leadership in guiding reforms, as well as building of capacities among stakeholders.
Capacity building of governance actors was also the main focus of Professor Paul Collins’ presentation, “Empowering Governance Stakeholders for SHD: Human Resources and Social Capital for Quality Public Services.” Collins brought forward the dilemma between citizen participation (i.e., Power to the People), and government as the main driver for reform (i.e., “government at the forefront”). He also mentioned the challenge of balancing innovations with a review of the fundamentals. Collins argued that there needs to be cross-sectoral collaboration as well as coordination of public sector inputs, most especially human resources, to cope with challenges in HRD, particularly in view of the SDGs.
Mr. Chae Gun Chung elaborated on the idea of cross-sectoral collaboration in his presentation, “Participatory Governance for SDG Implementation: Whole-of-Society Approach.” He linked the whole-of-society (WOS) approach with the attainment of SDGs and realization of the UN Agenda for 2030, which seeks balance between economic growth, environmental protection and social inclusion. Citing cases from Korea, Indonesia, and Malaysia, Chung emphasized that governments should lead in adopting WOS and, at the same time, forge optimal relationships with non-state actors, such as businesses, media, civil society, and the academe, in implementing SDG programs.
Part of the Opening Day of the 2017 EROPA Conference is the General Assembly Business Meeting. Dr. Orlando Mercado, secretary-general of EROPA, opened the said session. The meeting was initiated through the election of the President and the Vice President of the assembly. For President, Dr. Dong Ho Oh of the National Human Resources Development Institute (NHI) of Korea was nominated by the delegation from Indonesia, seconded by delegates from Thailand. For Vice President, the delegation from CLAIR Singapore nominated Dr. Adi Suryanto of the National Institute of Public Administration (NIPA) of Indonesia, duly seconded by the Nepalese delegation. Without objections both nominees were elected as President and Vice President.
Dr. Oh then gave a short message for his election as President, extending his gratitude to the NHI for organizing the general assembly and conference, as well as to the delegates of member countries who put their confidence and trust in him. He added that it was an opportunity for EROPA to promote organizational development and that he will do his best to meet the expectations of the members. He also asked for their active participation.
Afterwards, Dr. Mercado proceeded with the Secretary-General’s report. He thanked the delegates who visited Manila for the 2016 EROPA Conference held last 10-14 October 2016. Likewise, he gave his gratitude to the topnotch work by NHI on the preparations for this year’s conference. Dr. Mercado then reported five general points. First, that the secretariat has improved its website and is working on increasing its social media reach. Second, he mentioned that there will be a prize worth $1000 for the best conference paper for this year. Third, that starting 2017, they will be giving the Raul P. de Guzman award for practitioners who have tremendously contributed to public administration, and announced that this year’s awardee is Dr. Akira Nakamura of the Meiji University, Japan. Fourth, the secretary-general mentioned that as part of continuing publications, the Asian Review of Public Administration (ARPA) is now on time and the 2016 edition will be distributed for the year. Lastly, for the administrative concerns, the secretariat remained to have a small personnel complement, and that no additional budget or supplement need to be asked for the year.
Associate Editor Dr. Maria Fe Mendoza delivered the report of the Editor-in-Chief of the Asian Review of Public Administration (ARPA). She reported that the ARPA has released Volume 26 (January-December 2015) and Volume 27 (January-December 2016). Meanwhile, Volume 28 (January-December 2017) is in the works, and is expected to be released by the end of the year. It is hoped that the shortlist for the conference best paper will provide quality contributions to keep the ARPA on schedule. She also introduced the invitation of SAGE, a renowned publishing company, to publish the ARPA.
The new GA president, Dr. Dong Ho Oh, nominated Maria Anthonette Allones from the Philippines as the new chairperson of the Resolutions Committee. Subsequently, he nominated Masao Kikuchi from Japan as the new chairperson of the Future Plans Committee. Allones went on stage to accept the nomination. As for Kikuchi, Dr. Akira Nakamura delivered the acceptance speech in his place.
The state member representatives of China, Indonesia, Japan, and Nepal delivered their welcoming remarks to the General Assembly. Mr. Zhichao Dong delivered the speech in lieu of Dr. Jiang Wu, Professor at the Chinese Academy of Personnel Science, PR China. For Indonesia, Dr. Adi Suryanto, Chair of the National Institute of Public Administration, delivered the speech. Mr. Hiroshi Arioka, President of the Local Autonomy College, delivered the speech on behalf of the Japanese government. For Nepal, delivering the welcome message is Mr. Mohan Krishna Sapkota, Secretary of the Ministry of General Administration.
The 2017 EROPA Conference was formally opened on 12 September 2017 at the Grand Intercontinental Parnas Seoul, Korea. Distinguished officials and guests from different state governments and other renowned institutions attended the said event. The conference is jointly hosted by the Ministry of the Interior and Safety and the Ministry of Personnel Management, and organized by the National Human Resources Development Institute (NHI).
During the Opening Ceremony, Honorable Boo-Kyum Kim, the Minister of the Interior and Safety of Korea delivered the opening remarks to the delegates of the 2017 EROPA General Assembly and Conference with the theme, “The Role of Public Governance in Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: Transforming, Empowering, and Network-Building”. The minister highlighted the role of public governance in achieving the sustainable development goals. He then continued his speech by citing the importance of SDGs in South Korea’s government agenda.
Hon. Pan Suk Kim, the Minister of Personnel Management of Korea, also graced the delegates. In his speech, he noted that the conference’s theme tackles the timely global subject of meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. As all the 17 SDGs are interconnected, Minister Kim said that the implementation to achieve these goals necessitates an integrative approach. He zeroed in on the discussing the relevance of Goal 16 of the SDG, which refers to public administration. Minister Kim then shared the efforts of the South Korea’s new government to implement policies to meet the SDGs. For his part as Minister of Personnel Management, he shared the changes they are working in the Ministry to be able to meet the challenges of achieving the SDGs. In closing, Minister Kim highlighted the need for collaboration, cooperation and partnerships among citizens, business, civil society organizations alongside the government in all levels--from to local, regional to global.
In rendering his Welcoming Speech, EROPA Secretary General Dr. Orlando S. Mercado acknowledged the efforts of those who tirelessly prepared for the success of this year’s general assembly and conference. Dr. Mercado looked back to the birth of EROPA in the 1960s. He stated that the EROPA is currently in the stage of consolidation; taking stock from the challenges it is facing and reaping the fruits of its past endeavors. Secretary-General Mercado stated that nostalgia is useful in keeping alive the original vision of the organization to be able to chart its future. However, he stressed that what is more important now is to be able to find ways to meet the challenges in public administration amid the fast paced changes happening globally. While it is good to be nostalgic, Dr. Mercado said that it also pays to be realistic to be able to cope with competition.
The first keynote speaker of the ceremony is the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Deputy Secretary-General Mari Kiviniemi, who discussed the challenges governments are facing in achieving the SDGs by 2030. She stated that the SDG is “one of the most challenging and complex policy agendas that the global community has ever attempted” as its implementation necessitates the coordination and complementation of every departments and branches of the government as well as the cooperation of the citizens, private sector and civil society organizations.
Trade-offs will also be encountered in the process of achieving the goals, as they are sometimes conflicting. For example, the interest of protecting the environment is affected by the programs to ensure food security.
Greater challenges vis-à-vis governance are anticipated in the achievement of the SDGs. Deputy Secretary-General Kiviniemi recommended the systems approach in dealing with these governance challenges. On the brighter side, these challenges are opportunities for governments and other actors to experiment and to innovate. She also emphasized the importance of the indicators in learning as well as benchmarking achievements. Finally, Ms. Kiviniemi underscored the role of a highly-skilled performance-oriented civil service in governments’ delivery of SDGs.
The last keynote speaker is the Director of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network of Korea, Mr. Soogil Young. Mr. Young emphasized that the UN will celebrate the second anniversary of the declaration of the SDGs. The current implementation of the SDGs are embedded in every government’s agenda. Moreover, he shared the situation of the implementation of the SDGs in South Korea. He also stressed that the fundamental principle of SDGs requires informed policymaking and implementation. Problems in governance are not unique to South Korea. He added that all countries will benefit from SDGs, and highlighted that digital technology can be a tool for good governance that will help in the attainment of SDGs. He ended his speech by expressing his sentiment that the event will surely contribute to the implementation of the SDGs especially to developing countries.
The members of the EROPA Executive Council (EC) convened on 11 September 2017 to revisit the accomplishment of the past year, to tackle the issues the organization is facing and to plan the future endeavors of EROPA. New officials of the EC were also elected during the meeting.
Presided by EROPA Secretary-General Orlando S. Mercado, the 63rd Executive Council Meeting was attended by representatives from eight state members, three institutional members, and one individual member. Among the issues discussed in the meeting are the following: past activities of the secretariat and the three EROPA Centers, updating of the Asian Review of Public Administration (ARPA), status of EROPA memberships, and plans to revitalize the organization.
EROPA Deputy Secretary-General Maria Fe V. Mendoza, who is also acting as Associate Editor of the ARPA, shared with the body that the academic publisher SAGE Publication has communicated its interest to include ARPA among its roster of academic journals. Meanwhile, the EC members warmly welcomed EC Auditor Prijono Tjiptoherijanto’s proposal to undertake a performance audit of the organization in addition to the annual financial audit.
Dr. Oh Dong-ho, the president of South Korea’s National Human Resources Development Institute (NHI), was elected the new chair of the Executive Council. Other newly elected officials of the Executive Council are the following: Dr. Adi Suryanto (Indonesia) as First Vice Chair, Dr. Mohan Krishna Sapkota (Nepal) as Second Vice Chair, Philippine Civil Service Commission Chair Alicia Bala as Third Vice Chair, and Dr. Tjiptoherijanto was reappointed as Auditor. The officers will be for confirmation in the Second General Assembly on 14 September.
Lastly, the delegation of Indonesia, as the host of 2018 international l conference, presented their plans and preparations, and their proposed theme-- “The Future of Public Administration: Managing Global Megatrends.”